A baby born in the house of Poonja Jinnah on 25 Dec 1876 at Karachi. He was the eldest in seven kids in family. The child was named as Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Jinnah’s family belonged to the Ismaili Khoja branch of Shia Islam,though Jinnah later converted to Twelver Khoja Shia Islam. Poonja Jinnah was a merchant and exporter of cotton, wool, grain and range of other goods. Poonja jinnah was living in Gujrat but moved to Karachi after Muhammad Ali Birth. MA has three brothers and three sisters, Fatima Jinnah was one of them. Mr.Jinnah received secondary education from Karachi and Bombay.
Earlier Life, Start of Politics
As a student the young Muhammad Ali was a good one he received his early education from Sindh Madrassa tul Islam Karachi.At the age age of 16 he passed matriculation examination of the university of Bombay. As M.A was very helpful to Mr Poonja Jinnah in his business. Mr Poonja’s British friend suggested him to go London for higher education in business, it will be very helpful for his business. Before getting to London in 1892 his mother stubborn, he married to his cousin Emibai Jinnah. The mother and his wife both passed away when he was in London. In London, Jinnah soon gave up the apprenticeship to study law instead, by joining Lincoln’s Inn. It is said that the main reason of Jinnah’s joining Lincoln’s Inn is that the main entrance to the Lincoln’s Inn had the names of the world’s all-time top-ten lawgivers, and that this list was led by Muhammad (P.B.U.H). After all that, In three years, at the age of 19 , he became the youngest Indian to be called to the bar in England.
With Law degree in hand, in August 1896 Jinnah moved to Bombay and set up a law practice as a barrister in Bombay’s high court. Jinnah would continue to practice as a barrister up through the mid-1940’s. Jinnah’s most famous successes as a lawyer included the Bawla murder trial of 1925 and Jinnah’s 1945 defense of Bishen Lal at Agra, which marked the final case of Jinnah’s legal career.Before Jinnah started taking interest in politics, his father dear respected Poonja Jinnah meet his real creator. Jinnah was particularly interested in the politics of India and its lack of strong representation in British Parliament.When it was 1904, Jinnah attended a meeting of the Indian National Congress. Then in 1906 he joined the congress himself. After in 1912, Jinnah attended a meeting of the All India Muslim League, prompting him to join the league the following year. Jinnah would later join yet another political party, the Home Rule League, which was dedicated to the cause of a state’s right to self-government.
In the heights of Jinnah’s thriving political career, he met a 16-year-old named Ratanbai while on vacation in Darjeeling. After “Rutti” turned 18 and converted to Islam, both got married on April 19, 1918. Both love each other a lot. Rutti do help Jinnah in politics. Rutti gave birth to Jinnah’s first and only child, a daughter named Dina, in 1919. After that Rutti died when she was 29. Mr Jinnah did realized her lose deeply.
As a member of Congress, Jinnah at first collaborated with Hindu leaders as their Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity, while working with the Muslim League simultaneously. Gradually, Jinnah realized that the Hindu leaders of Congress held a political agenda that was in congruent with his own. Earlier he had been aligned with their opposition to separate electorates meant to guarantee a fixed percentage of legislative representation for Muslims and Hindus. But due to completely disappointment by the behavior of Hindu Essence Group which hijacked the Indian Congress, in 1926, Jinnah shifted to the opposite view and began supporting separate electorates.After more frustration he started believing that the rights of Muslims could be protected in a united India. At that stage of his political career, Jinnah left Congress and dedicated himself more fully to the Muslim League.
Independence Of Pakistan
Jinnah came to believe in a Muslim homeland on the Indian subcontinent. He was convinced that this was the only way to preserve Muslims’ traditions and protect their political interests. He started believing and start trying to implement Iqbal’s dream, which he shared to the Muslim word of India in 1930 at Ala bad. His former vision of Hindu-Muslim unity no longer seemed realistic to him at this time.
1940 Jalsa was the point where Muslim of India identified there goal which was none other then Pakistan. As this sitting was placed in Lahore, the resolution was named as Lahore Resolution. In his speech Mr Jinnah said while remembering Allama Iqbal ” If Iqbal were alive, he must be pleased to watch all that”. Jinnah proposed the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan, in the area where Muslims constitute a majority. Jinnah was also displeased with Mohandas Gandhi’s stance at the London Round Table Conference in 1939.
To Jinnah’s relief, in 1942 the Muslim League adopted the Pakistan Resolution to partition India into states. Four years later, Britain sent a cabinet mission to India to outline a constitution for transfer of power to India. After that India was divided into three territories. The first was a Hindu majority, which makes up present-day India. The second part was that a Muslim area in the northwest, to be designated as Pakistan. The last was made up of Bengal and Assam, with a narrow Muslim majority. After a decade, the provinces would have the choice of opting out on the formation of a new federation. But when the Congress president expressed objections to implementing the plan, Jinnah also voted against it. The independent state of Pakistan that Jinnah had envisioned came to be on August 14, 1947. On the same day,In the honor of Jinnah’s hard work. He was made the first Governor General Of Pakistan.
The Dream Came True, When Pakistan came into existence. Dream of Iqbal was fulfilled by M.A Jinnah. Watching his day and night fighting for Pakistan and after it making her stronger people of Pakistan gave him the title of Quaid e Azam, which meant by The Great Leader. Quaid e Azam sacrificed his day and night for Pakistan and the Muslim of sub-continent and he deserve to be called as the Great Leader.
The Dying Sun Died
On September 11, 1948, Quaid e azam open his eyes and said to Fatima Jinnah ” O Fati, God bless you. There Is No One Without Allah,And Muhammad is His Prophet” just a little over a year after his goal was completed, Jinnah died of tuberculosis near Karachi, Pakistan, the place where he was born.
Jinnah was the great man and great leader. He never backed down in front of his enemy. We have to build the spirit of Quaid, Although it’s not possible but we can give a try. We Should get rid of dictator whether they are political or not. The only way to survive is to follow the way of Quaid e Azam. We have to make him smile.